Genetic programming (GP) is an evolutionary computation paradigm for the automatic induction of syntactic expressions. In general, GP performs an evolutionary search within the space of possible program syntaxes, for the expression that best solves a given problem. The most common application domain for GP is symbolic regression, where the goal is to find the syntactic expression that best fits a given set of training data. However, canonical GP only employs a syntactic search, thus it is intrinsically unable to efficiently adjust the (implicit) parameters of a particular expression. This work studies a Lamarckian memetic GP, that incorporates a local search (LS) strategy to refine GP individuals expressed as syntax trees. In particular, a simple parametrization for GP trees is proposed, and different heuristic methods are tested to determine which individuals should be subject to a LS, tested over several benchmark and real-world problems. The experimental results provide necessary insights in this insufficiently studied aspect of GP, suggesting promising directions for future work aimed at developing new memetic GP systems.
- Published in
- EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation V
- Date of conference
- July 1 - 4, 2014